Old Bering Sea I culture
200 B.C. – 100 A.D.
Carved walrus tooth
Height: 3 in. (7.7 cm)
Ex collection Jeffrey R. Myers, New York
Ex private collection, Paris
Ex collection Donald Ellis, inv. # E4033
Publ.: « Art of the Arctic: Reflections of the Unseen », D. Ellis, 2015
Are we looking at an idol from the Cyclades, a prehistoric Venus of Lespugue, or an ancestor from Easter Island?
The truth is elsewhere: this sculpted head, patinated by the cold, the wind and the passage of time, comes from those vast frozen lands of the Far North.
This 2000-year-old-Okvik head is carved from a fossilized walrus tusk. It is exceptional in terms of its size, its spare lines, and the refinement and extreme stylization of the features.
Walrus ivory was the most abundant material found on St. Lawrence Island and near the coasts around the Bering Strait. Walrus ivory survived well-preserved for many centuries not only because of its dense material quality but because Okvik / Old Bering Sea and later artifacts ended up buried in ice and permafrost, the permanently frozen soil of Arctic lands. Their long interment imparted a rich coloration with subtle variations and deep patina to the ivory as can be seen here.
The style of this head is characteristic of the Okvik culture (Old Bering Sea I), an archaic civilization of the Arctic which developed on St. Lawrence Island near the Bering Strait in Alaska during the first millennium B.C.
The way in which the features are stretched across the face confers a remarkable elegance and interiority to the sculpture, reminiscent of the art of Giacometti or of Brancusi.
A veritable giant in miniature, this hieratic head has a timeless, universal quality to it.